Book binding for Beginners
Bookbinding for Beginners
by Florence O. Bean - Assistant in Manual Arts - Boston Public Schools
Published by School Arts Publishing Company 1914
Mount a Calendar or Picture
We shall now begin to deal with materials that are more
exclusively employed in bookbinding work. The simple articles
considered at first are not books; but because the processes
involved and the materials used will be used later in the more
difficult work of binding a real book, they are made a part of this
course.
The wise teacher will become somewhat familiar with handling
the required materials before attempting to give instruction. It is
recommended that two or more models from each problem be
made by the teacher before selecting one for the class.
The articles described in Problem III (See Plate VII) consist of a
foundation of a single piece of news board, covered back and
front with a bookbinding cloth.
A.
MOUNT OF A CALENDAR OR PICTURE
First secure the article to be mounted and then determine the
size and shape most desirable for the mount. Never make the
mount first and then attempt to find something to fit it.
To determine the size of the mount, place the calendar or picture
Mount Calendar Mount for Picture
on a sheet of paper and find the most pleasing margins by laying a pencil on each side of the article. Increase or
decrease this margin by moving the pencils back and forth until a satisfactory position is found, as shown in Plate
VIII. Indicate this position by a line on each side. In the same manner, establish top and bottom margins, illustrated
by Plate IX. The margin at the top may equal that at the side, or be a trifle wider or narrower;1 the one at the
bottom may equal the side margins or be wider, but never narrower, and always greater than the top margin. Draw
lines for top and bottom and the size of the foundation is indicated. A fraction of an inch may be added or subtracted
to give even measurements.
Vellum Mount
Working drawings should now be made of the
completed model, showing the location of the
calendar, also of the front and back. Make them
either accurately or freehand as described in
Problem IX. If the latter method is used, some
sense of proportion should be observed. That is,
do not draw 3 inches as long as 6 inches, nor 4
inches longer than 7 inches.
    The size of the foundation has already been
determined. The front covering should be 1/2 inch
larger on each side than the foundation, to allow
for laps which are to fold onto the back of the
news board. The back covering should be from
1/16 to 1/8 of an inch smaller than the foundation
on each side, as the finished product looks much
neater if no raw edge is visible from the front.
    In Plate X, the first drawing is of the face of the
completed model showing the location of the
calendar. This also shows the size of the
foundation. The other two drawings show the size
of the two pieces of vellum. If the first drawing
seems too complicated, omit the location of the
calendar, and draw and dimension only the outside
rectangle to give the size of the foundation.
Mount a Calendar or
Picture Part 2 >
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